Implications of a System dives into the experience of growing up as a woman in Egypt under a Sharia-based constitution. The rich oil supply with a spike in demand is among some of the more intricate details that attribute to the high levels of conflict that are present in the region. In understanding how market prices, human migrations, religious conflicts, and cultural practices interrelate, it can be better understood the turbulent status of how women are defined and what they are subjected to in their culture. Egypt is a patriarchal society. This structure puts pressures on both of the sexes in very specific ways. Women’s greatest contribution is deemed their sexual reputation that must be protected to keep the value of the woman. The reputations of these women are also correlated not only on the woman’s behavior but also it is reflected through the man’s ability to protect his “property.”
The increase in oil prices in 1973 in the Middle East attracted the attention of Egyptian men who found themselves migrating to the powerful Gulf States. During this collision of cultures new views on religious ideologies were exchanged and influenced one another. Among these beliefs the roles of gender was reworked in Egypt into a conflicted acceptance. With the introduction of the Wahhabi radicals’ women were interpreted as objects in society to be controlled by their husbands. Conflicting new mindsets negated the practice of women gaining an education outside of the household. That ideology still holds relevance with an episode of violence against women as recent as 2012 during a woman’s right protest. It was not until 1997 that rape was criminalized in the Egypt. During this time where women were experiencing a regression in rights education was denounced as a necessity for females.
This largely plays into Egypt’s statistic earning the number one spot for the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) more recently the phrase has changed the last word of the practice to cutting (FGC). The practice of female genital cutting is innately tied to a woman’s status in her society. The patriarchal society and the structure that it encompasses shapes women’s practices and the decisions made in order to obtain a better life, which for women means being deemed acceptable or a coveted prospect for a man. With a recorded 97% women undergoing FGC and 82% of those women being in favor of the practice the dangers of the procedures are scarcely known among these participants, and in the cases that they are known, they adjust the ritual yet still practice due to the social implications is allows for.
With the Muslim Brotherhood in control in Egypt the act of FGC will likely continue. Recent efforts have been made however for further education and medical availability when woman decide to continue engagement in this practice. It has been recorded that a high level of post-traumatic stress disorder occurs in girls that are subjected to circumcision when compared to non-circumcised girls. Life expectancies are reportedly lower in the Middle East regions such as Egypt verses places such as the United States and Japan.